Carmakers use system simulation to virtually balance performance attributes taking into account not only the performance of vehicle subsystems but also control strategies. However, today, a large diversity of vehicle architectures and technologies exist.
Just imagine how many configurations an automotive OEM needs to evaluate when designing a new car. To get an idea, let’s take a look at the picture below. To consider different subsystems (and indeed, the list is not exhaustive), we end up with 2160 configurations: (5x2x2x3x2x2) x 3 levels of modeling x 3 load cases.